成人高考英语选择题「自考本科英语二是什么水平」

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成考英语模拟试题及答案(一)

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一、阅读理解

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1、 Parties, drinking, eating--- oh, and working --- all help pass the time, but deep down there’s something you’re really eager to find, but you can’t quite put your finger on. What you have been looking for, my friend, is the chance to throw yourself into the world of University Societies, and discover the huge range of activities which thrive in a city like Oxford.

Whether you want to pursue an existing interest or develop new ones, your first move should be to check out the bewilderingly large array of clubs at the OUSU Freshers’ Fair. With your Freshers’ Fair ticket, you can get your hands on a brand-new edition of the comprehensive guide to all things at Oxford. If you miss the Fair, don’t despair: you can see what societies are offered in the Oxford Directory, a handbook issued to you in Freshers’ Week. Take a while to browse through --- it’s your one major chance to find out about what goes on in the University.

The degree to which people get involved in societies varies a great deal. Some totally immerse themselves in a club, hardly speaking to anyone who isn’t member of that group for the next three years and rising to become a leader of the organization. Others prefer to take a more eclectic approach, being members of several societies and taking part in whichever of their events seem interesting. Many people, perhaps foolishly, completely ignore University societies and just hang out with mates in college.

Societies offer a great chance to meet people from outside college, which, especially for arts students, is something it is sometimes difficult to do. But don’t forget that most colleges have their own flourishing societies, which you may be able to join in your college during Frishers’ Week. Music and drama are often popular and it is very easy to get some mates together and start something up. If you have ambitions to open up your new Shakespearian Rap Society to the whole University, you can register it with the University Proctors, who give out start-up grants and loans, among other benefits.

One of the downsides, especially with larger societies, is the hacking which takes place. “Hack” is the negative term applied to those seeking advancement ( usually to President) in whatever Club or Society, and some clubs such as the Oxford Union or the Guild Society tend to attract those with the spark of ambition more than others. When students suddenly remember their blank CVs which are supposed to secure them a highly paid job once they graduate, hackery is almost inevitable. Do not be afraid, though: the vast majority of students tend to avoid such self-seeking behavior and get on with life.

With over 300 registered societies there really is something for everyone. Apart from the obvious political parties and sports clubs there are groups for all the main religions; societies interested in the society and culture of countries from China to Bulgaria, and UK regions from Scotland to Essex; charities for those interested in voluntary work, literature, music, drama and sci-fi; and a fair number of strange groups such as the LMH Pudding Society, the Oxford Stunt Factory and the Pooh Sticks Society. You won’t get bored.

1. At the Freshers’ Fair, a freshman can learn_______

A. how to pursue an existing interest

B. how to develop some new interests

C. how to check out the large array of clubs and societies

D. how to throw oneself into the world of University Societies

2. If a student takes an eclectic approach of clubs and societies, we can say that he _____

A. joins several societies and tekes part in interesting events

B. hangs out with members of just one club or society

C. completely ignores University Societies

D. is sure of become a leader in at least one group

3. The easier way to make new friends is ____

A. to attend the Freshers’ Fair

B. to join some clubs and societies

C. to start a new society

D. to enjoy music and drama

4. According to the passage, “to hack”means ____

A. to enter a computer system and make changes without permission

B. to get involved in societies

C. to display one’s ambition

D. to seek advancement in every club or society a person joins

5. Some students try to hack in the clubs because _____

A. they have the ambition of becoming the President of the club

B. they want to get grants and loans and other benefits from the University Proctors

C. they would have a great chance to meet people from outside college

D. they would build their CVs which may help promote their future careers

2、To swim across the English Channel takes at least nine hours. It’s a hard work and it makes you short of breath. To fly over the Channel takes only twenty minutes (as only as you’re not held up at the airport), but it’s an expensive way to travel. You can travel by hovercraft if you don’t mind the noise, and that takes forty minutes. Otherwise you can go by boat, if you dreams of being able to drive to France in his own car. “Not possible”, you say. Well wait a minute. People are once again considering the idea of a Channel tunnel or bridge.

This time, the Greater London Council is looking into the possibility of building a Channel link straight to London. A bridge would cost far more than a tunnel, but you would be able to go by rail or by car on a bridge, whereas a tunnel would provide a rail link only.

Why is this idea being discussed again? Is Britain becoming more conscious of the need for links with Europe as a result of joining the EEC(欧共体)? Well, perhaps. The main reason, though, is that a tunnel or bridge would reach the twenty square kilometers of London’s disused dockland(船坞地). A link from London to the continent would stimulate trade and re-vitalize(使…重新具有活力)the port, and would make London a main trading center in Europe. With a link over the Channel, you could buy your fish and chips in England and be able to eat them in France while they were still warm!

1. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

A. Swimming across the Channel takes less than four hours.

B. The idea of a Channel tunnel or bridge is a very new one.

C. It is considered to be more difficult to swim across the channel than any other means.

D. A tunnel or bridge would only reach as far as the coast.

2. A tunnel would be ______.

A. less expensive to be built than a bridge

B. more expensive to be built than a bridge

C. less expensive to be built than a rail

D. more expensive to be built than a rail

3. If they built a Channel tunnel, you would ______.

A. neither take a train nor go by car B. either take a train or go by car

C. only take a train D. only take a bus

4. It can be concluded that many of London’s dockyards are .

A. not used B. fully used C. seriously blocked D. opened again

5. Channel link would ______.

A. allow us to by fish and chips in France

B. make the journey from Europe to England dangerous but easier and faster

C. decrease more trade for London’s dockyards

D. make London more prosperous again

3、A well-balanced life is necessary to live in todayu0026#39;s world. Without a well-balanced life a person can neither function properly nor develop into a well-rounded infigureidual. Without some sort of balance in life people tend to be unfulfilled and unhappy.

Iu0026#39;ve experienced great stress in my study and work. And Iu0026#39;ve tried every means to adjust myself and relieve my stress. Finally I found a way out in my leisure time. Leisure time is very important and necessary for me. Without it I am sure I would go insane. I spend most of my extra time reading, listening to music, talking to my real life friends, or talking on the Internet with people I meet. I really enjoy going out into a quiet place and reading poetry or books by Walt Whitman and Robert Frost. If I did not make time for all of this I would not be able to handle everything else in life. Along with reading to relax, listening to music is very important to me. If I feel sad, I listen to slow songs, while if I am happy I like listening to fast songs. Music is the universal language and it can express different feelings. It can relate to the soul, or in fact I think it is the soul of feelings.

My real life friends and my Internet friends are also part of my leisure and social time. Friends have always been important to me. They are the backbone in everything I do. The good friends that I have are always there for me in every situation I am in. Without them I would not have led a healthy, balanced life. Not so long ago I went through a short time of depression. I fell behind in all my work and stopped talking to my friends. After a week of acting this way, one of my good friends pulled me aside and invited me to go for a walk with her. We talked about what was going on in my life and she helped me to figure out what I wanted to do. I do not know what would have happened if she had not been there.

Many things add to having a well-balanced life. Stress can be a very dangerous and tiresome experience. It can lead to depression and unhappiness. But when it happens, you can do something other than wait, like talking to your friends or listening to music. Then you may not think you should have been so stressed and depressed.

A well-balanced life is important to maintain. Without some sort of balance it is hard to get b y in everyday life. And the creative use of leisure time plays a vital role.

1. What does the author mainly tell us in the passage?

A. A well balanced life is not easy to have in today’s world.

B. She has experienced great stress in her study and work.

C. Satisfying work is crucial to having a well-balanced life.

D. Leisure time plays a vital role in maintaining a well-balanced life.

2. What does the author mean by saying “finally I found a way out in my leisure time”?

A. She found leisure time could help relieve her stress and maintain a well-balanced life.

B. She found a way to enjoy herself in her leisure time.

C. She got to know how to spend her leisure time.

D. She came to understand what “a well-balanced life” means.

3. When does the author listen to slow music?

A. When she is happy.

B. When she is lonely.

C. When she is sad.

D. When she is trying to work.

4. How important are good friends to the author?

A. They usually help her lift the physical burden with their strong backbone.

B. They support her in everything she does and help her in every situation she is in.

C. They often pull her aside and invite her to go for a walk.

D. They will do everything that she wants them to do.

5. What main suggestion does the author give us in the passage on how to relieve stress?

A. Talking to friends.

B. Listening to music

C. Reading poetry.

D. Pursuing some leisure activities.

4、Spending 50 minutes with a cell phone close to your ear is enough to change brain cell activity in the part of the brain closest to the antenna. But whether that causes any harm is not clear, scientists at the National Institute of Health said at a conference last month, adding that the study will not likely settle concerns of a link between cell phones and brain cancer. “What we showed is glucose metabolism (a sign of brain activity) increases in the brain in people who were exposed to a cell phone in the area closest to the antenna,” said Dr. Nora Volkow of the NIH, whose study was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The study was meant to examine how the brain reacts to electromagnetic fields caused by wireless phone signals.

Volkow said she was surprised that the weak electromagnetic radiation from cell phones could affect brain activity, but she said the findings do not shed any light on whether cell phones cause cancer. “This study does not in any way indicate that. What the study does is to show the human brain is sensitive to electromagnetic radiation from cell phone exposures.” Use of the devices has increased dramatically since they were introduced in the early 1980s, with about 5 billion cell phones now in use worldwide.

Some studies have linked cell phone exposure to an increased risk of brain cancers, but a large study by the World Health Organization did not offer a clear answer to this. Volkow’s team studied 47 people who had their brain examined while a cell phone was turned on for 50 minutes and another while the phone was turned off. While there was no complete change in brain metabolism, they found a 7 percent increase in brain metabolism in the region closest to the cell phone antenna when the phone was on.

Experts said the results were interesting, but urged that they be understood with great care. “Although the biological significance, if any, of increased glucose metabolism from too much cell phone exposure is unknown, the results require further investigation,” Henry Lai of the University of Washington in the U.S. and Dr. Lennart Hardell of University Hospital in Sweden, wrote in an article in JAMA. “Much has to be done to further investigate and understand these effects,” they wrote.

1.According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?

A.Cell phone use is dangerous.

B.Cell phone use causes cancer.

C.The human brain is an electromagnetic field.

D.There are about 5 billion cell phone users in the world right now.

2.Doctor Volkow was astonished because ___.

A.her research has shed light on her understanding of cell phone

B.she found that cell phone exposure is harmful to human brain

C.she found that using a cell phone for about minutes could influence or change brain activity

D.human brain is not responsive to electromagnetic radiation

3.According to the passage, cell phones were launched ___.

A. in the late 1970s B. between 1980 and 1985

C. in the late 1980s D. in the early 1990s

4.What does the word “that” stand for in the second paragraph?

A.Brain activity.

B.Her research finding.

C.The fact that cell phone use may cause cancer.

D.Her research progress.

5.Which of the following is an appropriate title for this passage?

A.Cell Phone Radiation: Is It Harmful?

B.Cell Phone Radiation: Is It Useful?

C.Cell Phone Radiation: Is It Healthy?

D.Cell Phone Radiation: Is It Weak?

二、 词汇和结构  

1. My experience of being a volunteer was quite_______ to the job I was dong at that time.

A. relate B. relevant C. relating D. connecting

2. When he was offered the_______ to have an online degree program, he seized it immediately and enthusiastically.

A. opportunity B. step C. chances D. choice

3. No restriction was put on the access to the BBS. Our purpose is to increase _______between the students and the teachers.

A. interconnecting B. interacted C. of interacting D. interaction

4. _______houses for a few weeks is a good way of having a holiday.

A. exchanging B. exchange C. exchanged D. have exchanging

5. The team members working on the_______ meet every Tuesday afternoon to exchange their views.

A. project B. projecting C. projects D. of projecting

6. All the materials collected for the research project on pollution are_______ to all the seniors at this college.

A. prevail B. avail C. prevail D. available

7. Tom is the most brilliant _______of his year at Harvard university.

A. graduates B. of graduation C. for graduating D. graduate

8. He_______ impatiently in his seat during the long speech.

A. shift B. shifted C. shifting D. have shift

9. Bill has_______ his interests in college.

A. broadening B. broadened C. broad D. spreading

10. Words that_______ the truth must be discarded.

A. obscure B. clear C. timid D. humid

11. Within 2 weeks of arrival all foreigners should_______ with the local police.

A. registering B. registered C. register D. have registered

12. The underground tunnel is one of the biggest engineering projects ever_______.

A. undertaken B. undertaking C. been undertaken D. undertake

13. As a freshman, you should get to know campus_______ as soon as possible and make good use of them.

A. resource B. resources C. resourcing D. no resource

14. She studied almost_______ for the big test, more than 12 hours per day for nearly a month.

A. constantly B. competency C. competition D. frequent

15. The class was not in my major so I had only a few_______ in the room.

A. acquaintance B. acquire C. acquirement D. acquaint

16. He was_______ old enough to drive a car at the time of the accident.

A. often B. hard C. occasionally D. barely

17. She was most_______ that you couldn’t come to her birthday party.

A. upseting B. upseted C. upseting D. upset

18. She was annoyed by the young man’s impolite_______.

A. behavioring B. behavior C. behaviors D. behaviored

19. Ever since that unhappy incident, I have tried to_______ any further conflict with him.

A. avoid B. avoiding C. avoided D. prevent

20. The driver _______ the traffic light, and as a result, he ran into another car.

A. to ignore B. ignore C. ignoring D. ignored

21. One evening, when there were no staff to_______ him, he walked out of the hospital.

A. supervise B. supervised C. supper D. supervising

22. A good teacher should stimulate students to come up with_______ ideas and inventions.

A. orginal B. origin C. organ D. beginning

23. With the rapid development of the economy, our_______ of life has changed greatly these years.

A. make B. made C. mode D. making

24. Tom is such a nice guy. He will not_______ a moment to offer help when you are in trouble.

A. hesitated B. want C. require D. hesitate

25. With the rapid development of the economy, all_______of our education have changed a great deal.

A. part B. respect C. aspects D. economical

26. The police_______ many cases by following the footprints left at the scene of the crime.

A. investigate B. investigated C. investigating D. have investigated

27. Britain’s poor economic performance was a cause for the growing public_______.

A. amazing B. amazes C. amaze D. have amaze

28. The old woman had to support her family by washing a_______ of dirty clothes every day though she had suffered a deadly disease.

A. heap B. heal C. deal D. pile

29. She has got used to_______ milk through a straw though she is only two months old.

A. sucked B. suck C. sucks D. sucking

30. Several strong men were needed to open and close the_______ gates to the castle.

A. mask B. making C. massive D. lot


三、完形填空

The role of women in Britain has changed a lot in this century, 1 in the last twenty years. The main change has been 2 giving women greater equality with men. Up to the beginning of this century, women seem to have had 3 rights. They could not vote and were kept at home. 4 , as far as we know, most women were happy with this situation. Today, women in Britain certainly 5 more rights than they used to. They were 6 the vote in 1919. In 1970 a law was passed to give them an equal 7 of wealth in the case of figureorce, and the Equal Pay Act gave them the right of equal pay with men for work of equal value in the same year.

Yet 8 these changes, there are still great difference in status between men and women. Many employers seem to 9 the Equal Pay Act, and the average working women is 10 to earn only about half which a man earns for the same job. 11 a survey, at present, only one-third of the country’s workers are 12 women. This small percentage is partly 13 a shortage of nurseries. If there were 14 nurseries, twice as many women 15 go out to work.

1. A. certainly B. especially C. apparently D. practically

2. A. towards B. against C. upon D. through

3. A. few B. less C. some D. many

4. A. Besides B. Therefore C. However D. Then

5. A. lack B. enjoy C. occupy D. take

6. A. given B. deprived C. denied D. approved

7. A. rate B. value C. number D. share

8. A. because of B. instead of C. in spite of D. as a result of

9. A. support B. favour C. ignore D. doubt

10. A. likely B. willing C. ready D. about

11. A. Apart form B. According to C. Because of D. In addition to

12. A. by mistake B. by accident C. in turn D. in fact

13. A. involved in B. stemmed from C. related to D. resulted in

14. A. efficient B. advanced C. delicate D. enough

15. A. might well B. had better C. are going to D. are about to


四、判断题 对的(Y),错的(N)

1. This is the first time I have heard of his problem in his job. (Y)

2. The student didn’t quite understand the teacher’s point; however, he asked him to repeat it. (N)

3. If he were a good friend, he would tell me the truth about that. (Y)

4. It is essential that Smith works very hard for the final examination. (N)

5. Had his uncle been in your position, he would probably do the same. (N)


五、翻译

1. 我每天从家到工作地点路上要花两个小时左右。

A. It take me 2 hours to go to work from my house to the working unit.

B. It takes me 2 hours to go to work from my house to the working unit.

C. I spend 2 hours to go to work from my house to the working unit.

D. I spend 2 hours on the way to work from my house to the working unit.

2. 我已经把我的简历传真给了那家公司,当尚未收到回复。

A. I have already faxed my resume to the company, while I haven’t got the reply.

B. I have already sent my resume faxed the company, while without reply.

C. I have already faxing my resume to the company, while I didn’t got the reply.

D. I have already to fax my resume to the company, while I haven’t got the reply.

3. 学费每年都在上涨,这已成为中国家庭支出的重要部分。

A. Tuition has risen for many years, it become many Chinese families’ important outcome.

B. Tuition has risen for many years, it becomes many Chinese families’ important outcome.

C. Tuition rises every year, it has become many Chinese families’ one of the important outcomes.

D. Tuition rises every year, it has becomed many Chinese families’ one of the important outcomes.

4. 不论理由是什么,反正我喜欢流行音乐。

A. Whatever the reason is, otherwise I like the poping music.

B. Whatever the reason is, otherwise I like the pop music.

C. No matter what reason is, I love the pop music.

D. No matter whatever the reason, otherwise I like the poping music.

5. 她的经历在她的学术生涯中一直扮演着一个重要角色。

A. Her experiments take a great role in her academic career.

B. Her experiences take a great role in her academic career.

C. Her experiences act a great role in her academic profession.

D. Her experiences have acted a great role in her learning career.

本文到此结束,希望对大家有所帮助。

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